Comparison of efficacy and safety of 5-FU or capecitabine combined with cisplatin and docetaxel (mDCF and mDCX) as a first-line chemotherapy regimen in her 2-negative metastatic gastric cancer patients: A retrospective study


DEMİRCİ N. S., AZİZY A., Paksoy N., Doǧan I., KARABULUT S., Karahan L., ...More

Medicine (United States), vol.103, no.9, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 103 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/md.0000000000037259
  • Journal Name: Medicine (United States)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: advance disease, chemoterapy, first line, fluoropyrimidines, gastric cancer, mDCF, mDCX
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The prognosis of metastatic gastric cancer (GC) is poor, with a median survival time of less than a year. Capecitabine is a prodrug, metabolized by thymidine phosphorylase to its cytotoxic metabolite (5-FU). Few studies have compared capecitabine and 5-FU in mGC. In this retrospective study, we compared the efficacy and safety of modified DCF (mDCF) (docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-FU) and modified DCX (mDCX) (docetaxel, cisplatin, and capecitabine) regimens for first-line treatment in patients with mGC. The study included 112 mGC patients treated with either mDCF (n=69) or mDCX (n=43) between 2010 and 2021. Demographic data, response rate, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and adverse events were evaluated. The complete response rate in the mDCF group was 10.1%, whereas the complete response rate in the mDCX group was 2.3%. The partial response rate for mDCF and mDCX were 29% and 37%, respectively. The 2 treatment arms of the study had the same objective rate of response and disease control rate (DCR). PFS and OS rates were comparable between the 2 groups. The median PFS in the mDCF and mDCX arms were 6.0 months (95% CI, 4.87-7.14) and 5.0 months (95% CI, 4.10-5.90) respectively (P=.08). The median OS in the mDCF and mDCX arms were 9.0 months (95% CI, 7.53-10.47) and 9.0 months (95% CI, 6.87-11.11) respectively (P=.07). Neutropenia, asthenia, stomatitis, and nausea/vomiting were the most frequently reported grade 3 to 4 adverse events (AEs). The rates of grade 3/4 AEs and dose reduction were comparable between the 2 groups. There was no treatment discontinuation due to grade 3 to 4 AE. As a first-line treatment for patients with mGC, mDCX and mDCF regimens have comparable efficacy and tolerability profiles.