Non-redundant OFDM receiver windowing for 5G frames and beyond

Pekoz B., Ankarali Z. E., Kose S., Arslan H.

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol.69, no.1, pp.676-684, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tvt.2019.2953233
  • Journal Name: IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.676-684
  • Keywords: 5G mobile communication, interference cancellation, interference elimination, multiple access interference, numerology
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Contemporary receiver windowed-orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (RW-OFDM) algorithms have limited adjacent channel interference (ACI) rejection capability under high delay spread and small fast Fourier transformation (FFT) sizes. Cyclic prefix (CP) is designed to be longer than the maximum excess delay (MED) of the channel to accommodate such algorithms in current standards. The robustness of these algorithms can only be improved against these conditions by adopting additional extensions in a new backward incompatible standard. Such extensions would deteriorate the performance of high mobility vehicular communication systems in particular. In this paper, we present a low-complexity Hann RW-OFDM scheme that provides resistance against ACI without requiring any intersymbol interference (ISI)-free redundancies. While this scheme is backward compatible with current and legacy standards and requires no changes to the conventionally transmitted signals, it also paves the way towards future spectrotemporally localized and efficient schemes suitable for higher mobility vehicular communications. A Hann window effectively rejects unstructured ACI at the expense of structured and limited inter-carrier interference (ICI) across data carriers. A simple maximum ratio combining (MRC)-successive interference cancellation (SIC) receiver is therefore proposed to resolve this induced ICI and receive symbols transmitted by standard transmitters currently in use. The computational complexity of the proposed scheme is comparable to that of contemporary RW-OFDM algorithms, while ACI rejection and bit-error rate (BER) performance is superior in both long and short delay spreads. Channel estimation using Hann RW-OFDM symbols is also discussed.