Migrant and ethnic minority nurses’ experience of working in European health services: a qualitative study Experiência de enfermeiros migrantes e de minorias étnicas em trabalho em serviços de saúde europeus: estudo qualitativo Experiencia de trabajo de enfermeras inmigrantes y de minorías étnicas en los servicios de salud europeos: un estudio cualitativo

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Antón-Solanas I., Rodríguez-Roca B., Vanceulebroeck V., Kömürcü N., Kalkan I., Huércanos-Esparza I., ...More

Revista da Escola de Enfermagem, vol.56, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/1980-220x-reeusp-2022-0104es
  • Journal Name: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: Cultural competency, Cultural diversity, Cultural diversity, Europe, Health equity, Health services, Nursing, Qualitative research
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


Objective: To analyze the perception of culture and experience of working in European health services of a purposive sample of qualified migrant and ethnic minority nurses currently living in Belgium, Portugal, Spain and Turkey. Method: A qualitative phenomenological method was chosen. Individual interviews took place with 8 qualified migrant and ethnic minority nurses currently living in four European countries. Thematic analysis was conducted using Braun and Clark’s stages after qualitative data had been verbatim transcribed, translated into English, and analyzed. Results: Four themes and 4 subthemes emerged from thematic analysis of the transcripts. Conclusion: Migrant and ethnic minority nurses working in the European Union experience and witness discrimination and prejudice from patients and colleagues due to cultural differences. European health services should closely monitor and address discrimination and prejudice towards migrant and ethnic minority staff and patients, and take initiatives to reduce and, eventually, eradicate them