Frequency of different blood groups and its association with BMI and blood pressure among the female medical students of Faisalabad

Jawed S., Zia S., Tariq S.

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, vol.67, no.8, pp.1132-1137, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Journal Name: Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1132-1137
  • Keywords: Blood groups, BMI, Diastolic blood pressure, Pre-hypertension
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


Objective: To determine the frequency of different blood groups among female medical students and to find the association of blood groups and body mass index with blood pressure. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed at the University Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad, Pakistan, from March to April 2016, and comprised female medical students. Participants were divided into groups on the basis of their ABO blood groups and on body mass index criteria. Blood groups were determined by simple conventional slide method. Blood pressure was estimated by manual auscultatory technique with a mercury sphygmomanometer. Data was analysed usingSPSS20. Results: There were 145 students with an overall mean age of18.4±0.75 years (range: 17-23 years). Blood group B was the predominant group 65(44.8%). Besides, 130(89.6%) subjects were rhesus positive, and 23(53%) subjects of blood group O were pre-hypertensive. Multiple regression analysis indicated significant positive association of blood group O with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.002, 0.001). However, subsequent logistic regression showed significant association only with diastolic blood pressure (p=0.001). Relative risk of prehypertension for obese (p=0.001) was greater than non-obese subjects. Body mass index was significantly associated with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.004, 0.042) Conclusion: Blood group B was the most common blood group. Blood group O was associated with diastolic prehypertension, while body mass index was associated with both systolic and diastolic pre-hypertension.