Modified high-level Le Fort I advancement without malar augmentation: assessment of effect on midfacial aesthetics.


ÖZEL A., YILMAZ Z. B., Sağlam R., Uçkan S.

International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery, vol.50, no.3, pp.378-383, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijom.2020.07.024
  • Journal Name: International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.378-383
  • Keywords: Le Fort I, midfacial hypoplasia, malar augmentation, beauty arch
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The ‘beauty arch’, an aesthetic feature of the midface, is a double-S-shaped curve that extends downward from the lateral canthus. This retrospective study evaluated whether modified high Le Fort I advancement (combined with impaction or down-grafting) without malar augmentation can approximate a patient's ‘ideal’ beauty arch (IBA). Pre- and postoperative profile (natural head position) photographs for 36 patients with midfacial hypoplasia were aligned digitally. For each individual, standardized methods were used to identify landmarks and draw the preoperative real beauty arch (RBA), postoperative RBA, and IBA. Distances from a defined landmark to each arch were measured and means were compared. The mean advancement range was 4.2 ± 2.2 mm, and the mean pre- and postoperative RBA distances were significantly different (138.7 ± 24.1 vs 145.0 ± 25.8 pixels, respectively; P = 0.0001). In the impaction and down-grafting subgroups, there was no significant correlation between amount of maxillary movement and the difference between pre- and postoperative RBA distances (P > 0.05 for both). The postoperative RBA was satisfactorily close to the IBA in 35 cases (97.2%); one patient required later augmentation. The findings suggest that modified high Le Fort I advancement surgery without malar augmentation provides satisfactory malar projection for most patients with maxillary hypoplasia.