Endodontic management of a double-type IIIB dens invaginatus in a vital maxillary central incisor aided by CBCT: A case report

Kalogeropoulos K., Solomonidou S., Xiropotamou A., EYÜBOĞLU T. F.

Australian Endodontic Journal, vol.49, no.2, pp.365-372, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/aej.12651
  • Journal Name: Australian Endodontic Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.365-372
  • Keywords: cone-beam computed tomography, dens in dente, dental pulp, diagnosis, periapical periodontitis
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Type IIIB dens invaginatus presents with diagnostic and treatment related challenges when in need of endodontic management as a consequence of its complex anatomy, especially when presented in a vital tooth with a periapical lesion. Apical periodontitis associated with two type IIIB invaginations in a central maxillary incisor of a 10-year-old patient was diagnosed. A cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan provided essential diagnostic information and steered the treatment plan. The two invaginations were separate, with no communication between them and the pulp. The pulp appeared vital and non-inflamed. Endodontic treatment of the invaginations was carried out without intervention in the pulp. A 4-month follow-up periapical radiograph showed significant shrinkage of the lesion and a 2-year follow-up CBCT scan confirmed its complete healing. The pulp remains vital, responding normally to sensitivity tests. This outcome indicates that preserving the pulp's vitality is achievable through timely diagnosis.