Adaptive handover control parameters over voronoi-based 5G networks

Tashan W., Shayea I. A. M., Sheikh M., ARSLAN H., El-Saleh A. A., Ali Saad S.

Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, vol.54, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jestch.2024.101722
  • Journal Name: Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: 5G network, Handover, Handover control parameters, Mobility, Mobility robustness optimization
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Various speed scenarios such as high-speed travelling trains and connected drones over ultra-dense heterogeneous networks (HetNets) may result in a large number of handovers (HOs), which may cause further mobility challenges. Therefore, mobility robustness optimization (MRO) function has been proposed to contribute for detecting and correcting the mobility issues including too late HO, too early HO, and HO to the wrong cells. This function can be more effective in reducing these challenges related to mobility when proper optimization settings is performed for the handover control parameters (HCPs) (i.e., time-to-trigger (TTT) and handover margin (HOM)). In this paper, a trigger timer is proposed to reduce the unnecessary HOs. Meanwhile, this work proposes a weighted algorithm for optimizing the HCPs automatically based network experiences. The proposed algorithm rely on various factors for performing the optimization process. That includes, mobile movement speed, network traffic load, and the measurement report of the received signal reference power. Research work conducted by Matlab simulator that implement HetNets that consider Fifth Generation (5G) network and system settings based on 3GPP. Besides, 15 users were investigated using several mobile speed scenarios over Voronoi 5G network. The simulation results show that a significant achievement has been performed by the proposed algorithm as compared to the other algorithms investigated from the literature. The proposed algorithm has minimized the Radio Link Failure (RLF), Handover Ping-Pong (HOPP), Handover Probability (HOP), and handover interruption time by 8.8 %, 6.9 %, 6.7 %, and 344 %, respectively, lower than the other algorithms presented.