Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio as prognostic markers in patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer treated with atezolizumab in combination with chemotherapy

Kutlu Y., Aydin S. G., Bilici A., Oven B. B., Ölmez Ö. F., Açıkgöz Ö., ...More

Medicine (United States), vol.102, no.15, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 102 Issue: 15
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/md.0000000000033432
  • Journal Name: Medicine (United States)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: atezolizumab, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, small cell lung cancer
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Atezolizumab is now the standard treatment for extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC). Herein, we investigated the prognostic role of inflammatory markers in patients treated with atezolizumab plus chemotherapy and evaluated the efficacy and safety of adding atezolizumab to chemotherapy for patients with ES-SCLC and prognostic and predictive factors as a real-life experience. This retrospective study included 55 patients who received front-line atezolizumab with etoposide plus platin regimen for ES-SCLC. We analyzed the survival outcomes and factors that may predict response and survival. The objective response rate (ORR) was 81.8%. At a median follow-up of 23.5 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 10.8 months, and the median overall survival (OS) time was 15.2 months. In univariate analysis for PFS, limited-stage disease at the time of diagnosis, the presence of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI), the presence of liver metastasis, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were found to be prognostic factors (P =.041, P =.034, P =.031, P =.004, and P = <.001, respectively). In other words, while the median PFS time was 14.1 months in patients with PLR ≤ 135.7, it was 7.5 months in patients with > 135.7. Similarly, median PFS was 14.9 months in patients with NLR ≤ 3.43, while it was 9.6 months in patients with > 3.43. Univariate analysis for OS revealed that limited stage at the time of diagnosis, NLR and PLR were significant prognostic indicators (P =.01, P =.006, and P =.007, respectively). Median OS time for patients with both NLR ≤ 3.43 and PLR ≤ 135.7 was significantly better than that of patients with NLR > 3.43 and PLR > 135.7 (16.9 vs 11.3 and 16.9 vs 11.5 months, respectively). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that PLR was an independent significant predictive factor for the response to atezolizumab plus chemotherapy (OR: 0.07, P =.028). The patients with PLR ≤ 135.7 were significantly good responders to atezolizumab plus chemotherapy treatment. Real-life data demonstrated a significant correlation between survival and NLR and, PLR in ES-SCLC patients treated with atezolizumab. In addition, PLR was a significant predictive indicator of response to atezolizumab plus chemotherapy.