Syrian Asylum Seekers and The Question of Living in Turkey or Returning to Their Home Country: Mardin Case

Creative Commons License


Liberal Düşünce, vol.25, no.99, pp.105-123, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 99
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.36484/liberal.785172
  • Journal Name: Liberal Düşünce
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.105-123
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Turkey, having faced mass migration since April 2011, has been the country hostingworld’s largest population asylum seekers. Within Turkey, the question as to whetherSyrians will return to their country has often been the subject of debate. The main objective of the study is to discuss and evaluate the issue of Syrians living in Turkey for short, medium, and long-term periods. This study, via a survey, empirically examines the situation of Syrians from multiple perspectives on their returning tendency. The results of face to face interviews with 284 Syrian asylum seekers in Mardin have been reviewed and according to the results, 56.3% of them are reluctant to leave Turkey. In addition, the Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale (SASS), another assessment tool applied in the study, argued that there was no significant relationship between the social adaptations of the asylum seekers and their tendency to return to their home countries (p>0.05). The low, medium, or high levels of social cohesion of asylum seekers do not affect their views on returning. Furthermore, the results of this study indicate that 60.0% of individuals who have spent 5 years and more in Turkey do not plan to return to their home country.