The efficacy of rhomboid intercostal block for pain management after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a prospective, randomized-controlled trial


ÇİFTÇİ B., ALVER S., GÜNGÖR H., Gölboyu B. E., SUBAŞI M., Omur B., ...More

General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11748-024-02036-8
  • Journal Name: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Intercostal block, Postoperative analgesia, Rhomboid intercostal block, Video-assisted thoracic surgery
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of rhomboid intercostal block (RIB) for analgesia management in patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Methods: Adult patients who underwent VATS under general anesthesia between July 2020 and June 2022 were included in the study. There was two groups in this study: RIB (n = 25) vs control (n = 25) group. RIB was performed with 30 ml 0.25% bupivacaine at the end of the surgery. Surgical intercostal blockade was performed with 30 ml 0.25% bupivacaine in the control group. The patients received intravenous fentanyl patient-controlled postoperative analgesia. The numerical rating score (NRS), opioid consumption, and adverse events were recorded. Results: A total of 50 patients were randomized into 2 groups. There were no significant difference in terms of the demographic data between groups (P > 0.05). Postoperative opioid consumption at 0–8, 8–16, 16–24, and 24–48 h and rescue analgesic use were significantly lower in RIB group (P < 0.05). At all times, the static/dynamic NRS were significantly lower in RIB group. The rate of nausea and itching was higher in control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: US-guided RIB provides effective post-VATS analgesia.