The effects of online exercise training on physical functions and quality of life in patients with pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis


Vural P., ZENGİNLER YAZGAN Y., TARAKCI E., GÜLER S., SALTIK S.

Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, vol.74, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.msard.2023.104710
  • Journal Name: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Exercise, Online training, Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis, Physical activity, Rehabilitation
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Background: Patients with pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (PwPOMS) frequently experience motor, sensory, and cognitive problems. Although exercise is known to be effective in adult patients with MS, there are still no studies investigating the effectiveness of exercise in PwPOMS. To examine the effectiveness of online exercise training on physical activity, muscle strength, functionality, gait, fatigue, and quality of life in PwPOMS. Methods: Twenty-one individuals were included and randomly divided into two groups. The online exercise training program (OETP) group received exercise training including aerobics, strengthening, and balance training for 8 weeks, and the control group received no intervention. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, 8 weeks, and 32 weeks. Results: Significant improvements were recorded in physical activity, muscle strength, functionality, gait, fatigue, and quality of life in the OETP group after treatment (p<0.05). Between groups, the OETP group was superior to the control group in terms of physical activity, muscle strength, functionality, and quality of life (p<0.05). The OETP group remained superior to the control group in follow-up. Conclusion: OETP performed under the supervision of a physiotherapist is effective in PwPOMS. Even if these patients have no disabilities, it would be beneficial to refer them to rehabilitation from an early period.