The effect of sex differences on event-related potentials in young adults

Gölgeli A., SÜER C., Özesmi Ç., Dolu N., Aşcioǧlu M., Şahin Ö.

International Journal of Neuroscience, vol.99, no.1-4, pp.69-77, 1999 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 99 Issue: 1-4
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/00207459908994314
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Neuroscience
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.69-77
  • Keywords: Cognition, Event-related potentials, Gender
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


Female/male cognitive differences have been studied for some time; however, such differences in Turkish population is unknown. Evoked potentials (EPs) of the brain have been applied as an index of information processing in a wide variety of normal and cognitive impaired subjects. Scalp event-related potentials (ERP) evoked by auditory stimuli were recorded in 20 male and 18 female neurologically and audiologically normal young Turkish subjects of 18-25 years (Av. 20.6) of age. Standard auditory 'Oddball' paradigm involving simple discrimination task of concentrating on infrequent (target) stimulus and ignoring frequent (non-target) stimulus was employed. EEG activity was recorded at the Fz, Cz, Pz and Oz electrode sites of the 10-20 system using Ag/AgCl electrodes. Wave forms were collected and averaged off-line by a Pentium 100 computer, which also controlled the stimulus presentation. In general, significant main effects of gender and electrode site on evoked potential components were found. The interpeak amplitudes N1-P2 and N2-P3 were higher in the male subjects than in the female subjects at Cz. N2-P3 were higher in the male subjects than in the female subjects at Oz. The latencies of N1, P2, N2, P3 components were not different between both sex. For both sexes we found that N1-P2 amplitude was higher at Fz and Cz than Pz and Oz. N2-P3 amplitude was higher at Fz than Oz for only female subject. In male subjects, latency of N2 was longer at Fz than Oz. There were no significant differences in the latencies of N1, P2, and P3 components between electrode sites in both sexes. We suggest that ERP components could be affected by sex, electrode site, and cognitive performance.