The characteristics of left atrial diverticula in normal sinüs rhythm patients


Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, vol.42, no.4, pp.377-384, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00276-019-02382-w
  • Journal Name: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.377-384
  • Keywords: Left atrium, Left atrial diverticulum, Left atrial variations, Cardiac computed tomography, Cardiac imaging
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, location, size and morphological characteristics of left atrial diverticula using electrocardiographically gated multi-detector computed tomography in patients with normal sinus rhythm. Methods: Electrocardiographically gated cardiac multi-detector computed tomography was performed in 93 patients with normal sinus rhythm. The prevalence, number, size, morphological characteristics and location of left atrial diverticula were recorded. Results: A total of 72 left atrial diverticula were diagnosed in 45 (48.4%) of the 93 patients in this study. Of these 72 diverticula, 66 (91.7%) were cystiform and 6 (8.3%) were tubiform. Anterosuperior wall, left lateral wall and septum were the most common locations of these left atrial diverticula (n = 42, 58.3%; n = 22, 15.3% and n = 7, 9.7%, respectively). Conclusion: Diverticula are common variations. The discovery of these structures is relatively new and their clinical significance remains unclear. They are generally asymptomatic but although not supported by many studies, in some case reports they are claimed to be associated with arrhythmias and thromboembolism. In addition, it is theoretically reasonable to think that they may cause complications during interventional procedures. Better understanding of these structures has the potential to improve management strategies and reduce potential complications. Therefore, they should be reported during routine cardiac computed tomography.