Secret key generation using channel quantization with SVD for reciprocal MIMO channels


Furqan H. M., Hamamreh J. M., ARSLAN H.

13th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems, ISWCS 2016, Poznan, Poland, 20 - 23 September 2016, vol.2016-October, pp.597-602 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 2016-October
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/iswcs.2016.7600974
  • City: Poznan
  • Country: Poland
  • Page Numbers: pp.597-602
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The generation of secret keys from reciprocal wireless channel by exploiting their randomness nature, is an emerging area of interest to provide secure communication. One of the main challenges in this domain is to increase the secret key length, extracted from the shared channel coefficients between two legitimate communication parties, while maintaining its randomness and uniformity. In this work, we develop a practical key generation method, based on channel quantization with singular value decomposition (CQSVD), which is capable of significantly increasing the generated secret key in MIMO systems. This is achieved through quantizing the phases and amplitudes of the estimated MIMO channel coefficient's matrix by using an alternative form of SVD, where the key sequence is extracted from the orthogonal basis functions of the decomposed channel. In this method, it is shown that for an M ×M antenna system, with M2 independent channel fading coefficients, a secret key sequence of length 2M3 can be generated. The extracted key sequence is transformed to a random phase sequence, which is then used to manipulate the transmitted data on a symbol level basis rather than bit level-basis, to provide more secure communication. The comparative simulation results show that the proposed CQSVD method outperforms the state of the art secret key generation methods.