Effect of various lasers on the bond strength of two zirconia ceramics


KARA Ö., KARA H. B., Tobi E. S., Ozturk A. N., Kilic H. S.

Photomedicine and Laser Surgery, vol.33, no.2, pp.69-76, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/pho.2014.3841
  • Journal Name: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.69-76
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the effects of various laser systems on surface roughness and shear bond strengths of zirconia ceramics. Material and methods: Seventy-two ceramic discs (10mm×2 mm) obtained from two sintered zirconia ceramics (Zirkonzahn, Zirkonzahn Prettau®) were divided into two groups (n = 36) according to the computer-aided design (CAD)-computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) technique and then further divided into three groups (n = 12). Each group was treated with one of the following: (1) femtosecond (FS), (2) Nd:YAG (NY), and (3) Er:YAG (EY) lasers. After laser irradiation, a scanning electron micrograph (SEM) was taken at 500× magnification for qualitative examination. Following surface roughness measurement by profilometry, resin cement (Rely X U200) was bonded to the ceramic specimens using Teflon tubes (3mm height, 4mm diameter). Specimens were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h and then thermal cycled for 5000 cycles. A shear bond strength (MPa) test was performed using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data were analyzed by two way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey honest significant difference (HSD) tests for pairwise comparisons among groups ( p = 0.05). Results: MPa and roughness were significantly affected by laser type ( p < 0.001), and there was no significant interaction between the two zircon ceramics. The group irradiated with FS laser had significantly higher ( p < 0.05) roughness and MPa mean values than those of the other groups. No significant difference was found between the groups irradiated with NY and EY laser ( p > 0.05). In the SEM, the surfaces of the FS group were rougher than those of the NY and EY groups. NY and EY surfaces were nearly smooth. Conclusions: FS laser is an effective surface treatment for roughening surfaces of zirconia ceramics. Furthermore, it reveals the highest MPa.