Neuro quantum-inspired decision-making for investor perception in green and conventional bond investments

Creative Commons License

Birzhanova A., Nurgaliyeva A., Nurmagambetova A., DİNÇER H., YÜKSEL S.

Investment Management and Financial Innovations, vol.21, no.1, pp.168-184, 2024 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.21511/imfi.21(1).2024.14
  • Journal Name: Investment Management and Financial Innovations
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.168-184
  • Keywords: balanced scorecard, bonds, customer, investment, investor, M-SWARA, perception, tax
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study is to make a comprehensive analysis of investor perceptions in the context of green and conventional bond investments. For this purpose, a new model is presented by considering two steps. First, a criteria set is generated by considering balanced scorecard perspectives that are finance, customer, organizational effectiveness and learning and growth. After that, the neuro Quantum fuzzy M-SWARA method is considered to weight these criteria. Secondly, seven critical determinants for bond investments are identified that are coupon rates, volume, maturity, riskiness, liquidity, volatility, and tax considerations. Neuro Quantum fuzzy TOPSIS approach is employed to rank these factors. The main contribution of the study is that by combining the balanced scorecard framework and quantum-inspired decision-making techniques, this paper offers a novel and sophisticated decision-making model to understanding investor behavior. Similarly, in the proposed model, a new methodology is generated by the name of M-SWARA. In this framework, some enhancements are adopted to the SWARA technique. The weighting results indicate that meeting customer expectations is the most critical factor that affects the investor perception to make investments to the bonds. Moreover, according to the ranking results, it is concluded that coupon rates are the most important item for both conventional and green bond investors. On the other hand, with respect to the conventional bond investor, tax is the second most essential factor. However, regarding the green bond investors, volatility plays a critical role.