The protective effects of different treatments on rat salivary glands after radiotherapy

Konak M., Cincik H., Erkul E., Kucukodaci Z., Gungor A., Ozdemir S., ...More

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, vol.273, no.12, pp.4501-4506, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 273 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00405-016-4159-2
  • Journal Name: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4501-4506
  • Keywords: Radiotherapy, Salivary glands, N-acetylcysteine, Hyperbaric oxygen, Corticosteroid
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


This study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of treatment modalities for minimizing salivary gland damage caused by radiotherapy. Forty rats were divided into five groups. Group 1 had no irradiation or any treatment. Group 2 underwent only 15 Gy single dose radiotherapy. N-acetylcysteine, dexamethasone, hyperbaric oxygen treatment were given, respectively to the group 3, 4 and 5 for 5 days. 15 Gy single dose radiotherapy was applied to the group 3, 4 and 5 on the second day. Pyknosis, lysis, and vacuolization were examined in ductal cells and pyknosis, lysis, vacuolization, inflammation and collective duct damage in acinar cells. Dexamethasone and hyperbaric oxygen did not prove to have a positive effect on acinar and ductal cell. N-acetylcysteine-applied group had statistically significantly lower amount of damage. We determined that the decrease of ductal and acinar cell damage in parotid glands of N-acetylcysteine-applied rats was more distinct and statistically.