Two phases of macrophages: Inducing maturation and death of oligodendrocytes in vitro co-culture

Aydınlı F. İ., Er S., KERMAN B. E.

Journal of Neuroscience Methods, vol.382, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 382
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2022.109723
  • Journal Name: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Peritoneal macrophages, Remyelination, Multiple sclerosis, Oligodendrocytes
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Background: The plasticity of macrophages in the immune response is a dynamic situation dependent on external stimuli. The activation of macrophages both has beneficial and detrimental effects on mature oligodendrocytes (OLs) and myelin. The activation towards inflammatory macrophages has a critical role in the immune-mediated oligodendrocytes death in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions. New method: We established an in vitro co-culture method to study the function of macrophages in the survival and maturation of OLs. Results: We revealed that M1 macrophages decreased the number of mature OLs and phagocytosed the myelin. Interestingly, non-activated as well as M2 macrophages contributed to an increase in the number of mature OLs in our in vitro co-culture platform. Comparison with existing methods: We added an antibody against an OL surface antigen in our in vitro co-cultures. The antibody presents the OLs to the macrophages enabling the investigation of direct interactions between macrophages and OLs. Conclusion: Our co-culture system is a feasible method for the investigation of the direct cell-to-cell interactions between OLs and macrophages. We utilized it to show that M2 and non-activated macrophages may be employed to enhance remyelination.