Channel estimation for wireless OFDM systems

Ozdemir M. K., ARSLAN H.

IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, vol.9, no.2, pp.18-48, 2007 (Scopus) identifier identifier


Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a special case of multi-carrier transmission and it can accommodate high data rate requirement of multimedia based wireless systems. Since channel estimation is an integral part of OFDM systems, it is critical to understand the basis of channel estimation techniques for OFDM systems so that the most appropriate method can be applied. In this article, an extensive overview of channel estimation techniques employed in OFDM systems are presented. In addition, the advantages, drawbacks, and relationship of these estimation techniques with each other are analyzed and discussed. As the combination of multiple input multiple output (MIMO)-OFDM systems promises higher data rates, estimation techniques are further investigated for these systems. Although the existing proposed techniques differ in terms of computational complexity and their mean squared error (MSE) performance, it has been observed that many channel estimation techniques are indeed a subset of LMMSE channel estimation technique. Hence, based on a given system's resources and specifications, a suitable method among the presented techniques can be applied.