The Effect of Nutrition and Sleep Habits and Physical Activity Status on the Weight of University Students During COVID-19 Quarantine: Cross-Sectional Study


ERDEM N. Z.

Türkiye Klinikleri Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.8, no.2, pp.227-240, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

Abstract

Objective: This study was executed to examine the ef- fect of weight changes based on the nutritional and sleeping habits and physical activity status of “students of the department of nutrition and dietetics” and “students of the department of physiotherapy and reha- bilitation” during coronavirus disease-2019 quarantine. Material and Methods: 50 students from each department were included in cross- sectional study the study. Their demographic characteristics, height, weight, sleep and physical activity habits, food consumption habits were questioned through survey. Results: In quarantine, 0.95 kg weight gain was observed in students whose mean age was 21.26±1.2 years. It was found that the weights increased by 2.45 kg with sleep less than 6 hours, and 1.18 kg with sleep above 10 hours. Weights increased with longer sitting time per day and weights decreased with less sitting time. It was found that the average weight during quarantine increased by 2.51 kg in those who lacked physical activity, and this was associated with appetite level, and the total number of meals per day. Consump- tion of pastries and desserts increased by 50%, and of milk, homemade yoghurt, cheese, eggs, black tea, and coffee by 40-67%, and these in- creases resulted in weight gain. Weight gains were observed in those who did not pay attention to their energy intake, and in 34-45% of those whose social media use and anxiety increased.Conclusion: In most of the students, in addition to eating more, adverse changes in sleep, stress, and physical activity led to weight gains.