Methylnitrosourea, dimethylbenzanthracene and benzoapyrene differentially affect redox pathways, apoptosis and immunity in zebrafish

Eğimezer G., ÜSTÜNDAĞ Ü. V., Ateş P., Ünal İ., Üstündağ F., ALTURFAN A. A., ...More

Human and Experimental Toxicology, vol.39, no.7, pp.920-929, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0960327120905961
  • Journal Name: Human and Experimental Toxicology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, CINAHL, EMBASE, Environment Index, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.920-929
  • Keywords: Methylnitrosourea, dimethylbenzanthracene, benzoapyrene, antioxidant, apoptosis, immunity, zebrafish
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Cancer continues to be a major cause of mortality globally. Zebrafish present suitable models for studying the mechanisms of genotoxic carcinogens. The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between oxidant–antioxidant status, apoptosis and immunity in zebrafish that were exposed to three different genotoxic carcinogens methylnitrosourea, dimethylbenzanthracene, benzoapyrene and methylnitrosourea + dimethylbenzanthracene starting from early embryogenesis for 30 days. Lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide levels, superoxide dismutase and glutathione-S-transferase activities and mRNA levels of apoptosis genes p53, bax, casp3a, casp2 and immunity genes fas, tnfα and ifnγ1 were evaluated. The disruption of the oxidant–antioxidant balance accompanied by altered expressions of apoptotic and immunity related genes were observed in different levels according to the carcinogen applied. Noteworthy, ifnγ expressions decreased in all carcinogen-exposed groups. Our results will provide basic data for further carcinogenesis research in zebrafish models.