Reassessing Leadership traits: An Islamic perspective


BHATTİ O. K., FAROOQ W., ÖZTÜRK A. O.

İş Ahlakı Dergisi, vol.12, no.2, pp.177-202, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.12711/tjbe.2019.12.2.0146
  • Journal Name: İş Ahlakı Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.177-202
  • Keywords: Leadership, Taqwa (piety), Consultation, Intellectual Competence, Spirituality, Social Responsibility
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The phenomena of leadership has long been cited and discussed in business and management literature.Discourse on effective leadership qualities is popular in management circles. Interestingly, traditional literature onleadership has presented rather diverse results. And recent developments in the field of leadership and managementreveal a growing interest in religion and spirituality. The present study attempts to understand leadership and submita comprehensive framework exploring leadership traits from an Islamic viewpoint. A sample of 16 respondentswas selected, most of whom had extensive knowledge and experience in leadership and management. They belongedto diverse industries such as manufacturing, construction, telecommunications, banking and education. The studyfound that Islamic Leadership is based around the notion of stewardship of Allah’s creation. An Islamic leader mustbe a role model with exemplary personality, attitude, character and competence. And only those individuals may beselected as leaders who have piety (Taqwa) and goodness. The study also presented that Taqwa, Consultation andIntellectual competence are the key traits for a Muslim leader. In addition, Taqwa encompasses Islamic Spiritualityand Islamic Social responsibly. The sub-constructs of Taqwa include; belief (Iman), worship (Ibadat) and repentance(Tawbah), patience, emotional control, forgiveness, the establishment of zakah and giving sadakah, fulfillment ofcontracts, justice and integrity. Together, these traits frame the overall description of Islamic leadership.