Evaluation of genial tubercle anatomy using cone beam computed tomography

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KOLSUZ M. E., ORHAN K., Bilecenoglu B., ŞAKUL B. U., ÖZTÜRK A.

Journal of Oral Science, vol.57, no.2, pp.151-156, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.2334/josnusd.57.151
  • Journal Name: Journal of Oral Science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.151-156
  • Keywords: cone-beam CT, anatomy, genial tubercle, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, surgery
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study was to characterize the anatomy of the genial tubercle using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The morphology and detailed anatomy of the genial tubercle were assessed retrospectively in 201 patients (101 females, 100 males) using CBCT images. The parameters examined were the height (GH) and width (GW) of the genial tubercle, the distance from the lower incisors to the superior border of the tubercle (I-SGT), the distance from the inferior margin of the tubercle to the inferior margin of the mandible (IGM-IBM), and the anterior mandible thickness (AMT). Statistical analysis was performed to assess relationships among these parameters, gender, and orthodontic malocclusion (P < 0.05). The values obtained were GH 7.3-8.7 mm, GW 7.9-9.2 mm, I-SGT 7.1-9.1 mm, IGM-IBM 8.3-10.1 mm, and AMT 14.0-16.2 mm. GH, GW, and I-SGT showed no significant differences between genders (P > 0.05). However, IGM-IBM was larger for class III than for class I and class II male patients, and larger than for class I female patients. AMT in class III patients was greater than in class I and II patients (P < 0.05). The use of CBCT, which employs less radiation, is important for dental professionals, especially those performing surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), in order to avoid possible surgical complications.