Nasopharynx evaluation in children of unilateral cleft palate patients and normal with cone beam computed tomography


Temiz M., DUMAN Ş. B., Abdelkarim A. Z., BAYRAKDAR İ. Ş., Syed A. Z., EŞER G., ...More

Science Progress, vol.106, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 106 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/00368504231157146
  • Journal Name: Science Progress
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Rosenmuller fossa, cone beam computed tomography, cleft lip and palate, dentistry
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to examine the morphological characteristics of the nasopharynx in unilateral Cleft lip/palate (CL/P) children and non-cleft children using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: A retrospective study consisted of 54 patients, of which 27 patients were unilateral CL/P, remaining 27 patients have no CL/P. Eustachian tubes orifice (ET), Rosenmuller fossa (RF) depth, presence of pharyngeal bursa (PB), the distance of posterior nasal spine (PNS)-pharynx posterior wall were quantitatively evaluated. Results: The main effect of the CL/P groups was found to be effective on RF depth-right (p < 0.001) and RF depth-left (p < 0.001). The interaction effect of gender and CL/P groups was not influential on measurements. The cleft-side main effect was found to be effective on RF depth-left (p < 0.001) and RF depth-right (p = 0002). There was no statistically significant relationship between CL/P groups and the presence of bursa pharyngea. Conclusions: Because it is the most common site of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), the anatomy of the nasopharynx should be well known in the early diagnosis of NPC.