The Effect of Video-Based Games on Hand Functions and Cognitive Functions in Cerebral Palsy

Yildirim Y., BUDAK M., TARAKCI D., ALGUN Z. C.

Games for Health Journal, vol.10, no.3, pp.180-189, 2021 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/g4h.2020.0182
  • Journal Name: Games for Health Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.180-189
  • Keywords: Cerebral palsy, Cognition, Hand function, Neurodevelopmental therapy, Leap motion
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Leap Motion Based Exergame Therapy (LMBET) on upper limb gross grip strength (GGS), pinch forces, hand functions, gross motor function, and cognitive functions in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with CP (11 hemiplegia and 9 diplegia) were included in the study. Structured Neurodevelopmental Therapy-based hand rehabilitation (SNDTBHR) (first treatment period) was applied a total of 12 sessions, 2 sessions per week (total 6 weeks), and then LMBET (second treatment period) was applied a total of 12 sessions, 2 sessions per week (total 6 weeks). GGS was evaluated by "dynamometer,"pinch strengths were evaluated by "pinch meter,"hand skills were evaluated by "Manual Ability Classification System (MACS)"and "Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test (JHFT),"the gross motor level was evaluated by "Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS),"and cognitive functions were evaluated by "Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST)."Results: Significant difference was found between LMBET and SNDTBHR on GGF, pinch forces, JHFT, and WCST in favor of LMBET (P < 0.017). There was no significant difference between both MACS and GMFCS measurements (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Positive effects of both SNDTBHR and LMBET have been found. However, measurements after LMBET are statistically more significant. Future research should take into account higher patient allocation. Including additional leap motion training to conventional physiotherapy is feasible and might be promising to train cognitive function in children with CP.