Microwave-Promoted Continuous Flow Systems in Nanoparticle Synthesis - A Perspective

Saleem Q., Torabfam M., Fidan T., KURT H., Yüce M., Clarke N., ...More

ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, vol.9, no.30, pp.9988-10015, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 30
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c02695
  • Journal Name: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Compendex
  • Page Numbers: pp.9988-10015
  • Keywords: Microwave heating, Flow chemistry, Continuous-flow reactor, Nanoparticle synthesis, Microwave-flow system, Numerical modeling
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Microwave-promoted continuous flow systems have emerged as a game-changer in nanoparticle synthesis. Owing to the excellent compatibility between fast, sustainable microwave heating and one-step, efficient flow chemistry, this promising technology is meant to enhance the synthetic abilities of nanoscientists. This Perspective aims to present a panoramic view of the state of the art in this field. Additionally, the effect of various microwave and flow parameters on the properties of nanoparticles is discussed along with a comparative glance at the features that make flow reactors more practical and sustainable than their batch counterparts. The overview has also analyzed various microwave continuous flow reactors available in the literature, with an acute emphasis on the nanosynthesis route and design features. Moreover, a discussion on the numerical modeling of microwave flow systems has been made a part of this perspective to reiterate its significance and encourage research in this domain. The Perspective also briefly comments on existing challenges and future prospects of this technology.