Management of Granulosa Cell Ovarian Tumors: 10-Year Experience in a Tertiary Center

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KARAKAŞ S., ÖNDER A. B., Demirayak G., TURAN H., selim s., Akay B., ...More

İzmir Tepecik Eğitim Hastanesi Dergisi, vol.32, no.2, pp.251-256, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Objective: Granulosa cell tumors (GCT) arise from the mesenchymal cells and sex cords of the ovaries and can be observed in women of all age groups. This study presented our 10 year-long gynecology oncology experience on the clinical course and outcome of GCT cases. Methods: Thirty-one patients who were operated due to suspicious adnexal masses in our hospital between January 2011 and January 2018 and whose final pathology report confirmed the diagnosis of GCT was included in the study. The data of the patients were evaluated. Preoperative ultrasound findings and serum tumor marker results are noted. Results: Twenty-nine (94%) patients were diagnosed with AGCS and only two (6%) patients were diagnosed with JGCS. The mean age of the study population was 47.74 14.47 years and the mean body mass index was 32.51 7.1. Most patients presented with heavy menstrual bleeding (29%). 48.4% of the patients underwent hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and complete lymph-node dissection, whereas 22.6% of them had hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and 29% of them had oophorectomy only. Three patients (9.3%) had a disease recurrence. The overall survival was 54.4 29.3 months and disease free survival was 49.6 24.2 months. Conclusion: The most important predictor of survival among patients with GCT is a disease stage at the time of initial diagnosis. Long-term surveillance, including routine clinical follow-up and evaluation of tumor markers is mandatory.