The association between umbilical cord coiling index and adverse perinatal outcomes at term pregnancies

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The European Research Journal, vol.9, no.5, pp.963-969, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.18621/eurj.1262626
  • Journal Name: The European Research Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.963-969
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: The umbilical coiling index, calculated by dividing the total coil number to the cord length, is a representative parameter for umbilical cord coiling status. Recent studies have shown that abnormal umbilical coiling index is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Here, we aimed to determine this association at term gestation in our population. Methods: A total of 98 singleton, term pregnant women were included in this prospective study. Demographic, obstetric features and perinatal outcomes of the patients were recorded. Patients were grouped according to the umbilical coiling index as hypocoiled, normocoiled and hypercoiled. Recorded parameters were firstly compared between normocoiled (n = 60) and abnormal coiled (n = 38) groups. Then, they were compared between normocoiled, hypocoiled (n = 20) and hypercoiled (n = 18) groups. Significantly different adverse perinatal outcomes were compared between normocoiled and other groups. Results: Abnormal coiled group had an higher incidence of low fifth minutes Apgar scores, meconium-stained amniotic fluid, intrauterine growth restriction and acute fetal distress as compared to normocoiled group. No significant adverse perinatal outcome was detected between hypocoiled and normocoiled groups. Intrauterine growth restriction (p = 0.004), low Apgar scores (p = 0.046) and fetal distress (p = 0.038) and meconium-stained amniotic fluid were found to be more common in hypercoiled group than normocoiled ones. Conclusions: Abnormal umbilical coiling is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Hence antenatal measurement of umbilical coiling index could be a useful parameter to determine high-risk pregnancies and can provide close monitoring for fetal well-being.