Perceived Social Self-Efficacy and Foreign Language Anxiety among Undergraduate English Teacher Candidates: The Case of Turkey


Novitas-Royal, vol.14, no.1, pp.13-24, 2020 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Journal Name: Novitas-Royal
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.13-24
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


This study sought to investigate (1) the perceived social self-efficacy (PSSE) levels ofundergraduate English teacher candidates in Turkey, (2) the foreign language anxiety (FLA) levels ofthem, (3) the relationship between teacher candidates’ PSSE and their FLA, (4) the effect of teachercandidates’ gender and age on their FLA and PSSE, and finally (5) the link between PSSE and FLA ofteacher candidates moderated by age. Results indicated that a huge number of the participants lackedhigh PSSE as measured by the applied criterion. As in the case of PSSE, the majority of theundergraduate English teacher candidates in Turkey stated they had medium self-efficacy. However, interms of the results on participants with high and low levels of PSSE and FLA, the data show a negativecorrelation; that is, the number of participants with a high PSSE was close to the number of participantswith a low FLA, and the number of participants with a low PSSE was close to the number ofparticipants with a high FLA. These findings suggest that an increase in PSSE would result in a decreasein FLA. Finally, all relevant information (i.e. R-squared, F, and P values) support the premise that agepositively moderates PSSE, meaning that as the participants' age increases, their PSSE goes up too.We can also infer that increased age can result in a decline in FLA.