Free vibration analysis of kirchhoff plates resting on elastic foundation by mixed finite element formulation based on Gâteaux differential

OMURTAG M. H., Özütok A., Aköz A. Y., Özçellkörs Y.

International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol.40, no.2, pp.295-317, 1997 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Journal Name: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.295-317
  • Keywords: Dynamic analysis, Finite elements, Foundation, Plate
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


The main objective of the present work is to give the systematic way for derivation of Kirchhoff plate-elastic foundation interaction by mixed-type formulation using the Gâteaux differential instead of well-known variational principles of Hellinger-Reissner and Hu-Washizu. Foundation is a Pasternak foundation, and as a special case if shear layer is neglected, it converges to Winkler foundation in the formulation. Uniform variation of the thickness of the plate is also included into the mixed finite element formulation of the plate element PLTVE4 which is an isoparametric C° class conforming element discretization. In the dynamic analysis, the problem reduces to solution of the standard eigenvalue problem and the mixed element is based upon a consistent mass matrix formulation. The element has four nodes and at each node transverse displacement two bending and one torsional moment is the basic unknowns. Proper geometric and dynamic boundary conditions corresponding to the plate and the foundation is given by the functional. Performance of the element for bending and free vibration analysis is verified with a good accuracy on the numerical examples and analytical solutions present in the literature.