Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2 DM) incidence and associated factors: A cross sectional study in Istanbul, Turkey

KALKAN I., Kiliçarslan M.

Progress in Nutrition, vol.21, no.4, pp.917-921, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.23751/pn.v21i4.7698
  • Journal Name: Progress in Nutrition
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.917-921
  • Keywords: diabetes mellitus, socioeconomic status, gender, education, age
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2 DM) is considerably high in Turkey and has been associated with risk factors as obesity, nutrition, socioeconomic status and education. Lifestyleintervention programs may be of special significance in impaired glucose tolerance and development of DM. Objective: This research was planned as a observational cross-sectional study, in order to determine the major factors associated with the incidence of DM. Methods: The study was carried out in Beykoz Public Hospital Tepeustu, Istanbul. The patient population comprised of 18970 patients with Type 2 DM. Incidence of diabetes were evaluated according to gender, age, education, income level with descriptive statistical analyses. Results: DM incidence was highest in females of age group 61-75 years (31,29%) followed by men within the same age group (16,35%). Also the incidence was highest in the individuals with primary school education (37,97%) followed by individuals with no formal education (32,43%). DM increased as income decreased with highest percentages (36,56%) recorded among patients having personal income less than 1000 TL per month. Conclusion: As the study indicates poverty and lack of education are major contributing factors; effective policies aimed at decreasing poverty and increasing education level should be implemented in the lower strata of the society.