Bio-Inspired Design Approach: Earthen Beehive Dome Forms of Harran Houses

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Karaçar P., Güner A. F.

KERPIC’23 Gain Information from the Traditional Earthen Architecture, Diyarbakır, Turkey, 26 - 28 October 2023, pp.44-51

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Diyarbakır
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.44-51
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Studies of natural systems have at all times been inspirational for design. Biomimicry in design is often unfairly associated with the stylistic imitation of natural forms, but Janine Benyus – the researcher who coined the term – believes a biomimetic approach is one that favours ecological performance research and metrics over shape making. Through an examination of existing biomimetic technologies. It is apparent that there are three levels of mimicry; the organism, behaviour and ecosystem. The organism level refers to a specific organism like a plant or animal and may involve mimicking part of or the whole organism. The second level refers to mimicking behaviour, and may include translating an aspect of how an organism behaves, or relates to a larger context. The third level is the mimicking of whole ecosystems and the common principles that allow them to successfully function Then these three levels consist of form, material, manufacturing technology, process. Within each of these levels, a further five possible dimensions to the mimicry exist. Within each of these levels, a further five possible dimensions to the mimicry exist. The design may be biomimetic for example in terms of what it looks like (form), what it is made out of (material), how it is made (construction), how it works (process) or what it is able to do (function). There is a strong temptation to assume that biomimetics is merely a matter of copying a structural idea that is found in nature. However, this overlooks the process of structural design which is much more than creating a certain structural to transfer and adapt the structures, material behaviour and methodologies to bio-inspired technical structures, the geometry model and the material parameters need to be scaled up and adapted to applications in building constructions in a further step.form. Biologically Inspired Design (BID) sometimes shortened in “bio-inspired design”, “bioinspiration” and “biodesign” is at least as old as the oldest biomorphic cave paintings, which date back to 40,000 YBP. Bio-inspired technical solutions are the elucidation of movement patterns and of actuation principles and their interplay with the structural set-up of the mechanism because geometrical characteristics and material parameters are inseparably linked and similarly affect the motion behavior of the compliant mechanism. In the context of bionics and biomimetics, the "evolution" and "adaptation" of traditional architectures is most interesting. By analyzing biomimicry in general terms with natural methods and inspired by these processes taking design. In this context, earthen beehive dome forms of houses in Harran today "inspired by nature", which is widely used in all fields of as the first area where learning/adaptation and/or application technique is implemented can be named. The importance of Traditional and Bio-Inspired architecture of Harran earthen beehive dome as a source of innovation is inadequately identified and used. The case study on the adaptation of the traditional architecture on the Urfa Harran house. Beehives will present an approach to identify architectural qualities for further application.