How to reduce stress on the pedicle screws in thoracic spine? Importance of screw trajectory: A finite element analysis


Creative Commons License

GÜVENÇ Y., Akyoldas G., Senturk S., Erbulut D., Yaman O., Ozer A. F.

Turkish Neurosurgery, vol.29, no.1, pp.20-25, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.5137/1019-5149.jtn.21895-17.2
  • Journal Name: Turkish Neurosurgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.20-25
  • Keywords: Finite element, Screw fixation, Spine, Thoracic, Trajectory
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the biomechanical comparison of thoracic transpedicular screw trajectories on the sagittal plane. MATERIAL and METHODS: A three-dimensional, non-linear finite element analysis (FEA) model of T8 through T9 was used. Anatomic trajectory (AT) and Straightforward trajectory (ST) models of the transpedicular screws were used in the intact FEA model. The von-Mises stress and range of motion (ROM) of the transpedicular screws were evaluated. RESULTS: The difference in ROM between both techniques was negligible. In lateral bending and axial rotation, FEA showed decrease in stress by 25% and 8%, respectively, when pedicle screws were placed using AT. CONCLUSION: AT decreased the von-Mises stress of the pedicle screws, thereby reducing the rates of screw breakage and fatigue risks. In addition, we believe that AT could protect against screw loosening because the von-Mises stress of the internal fixation was scattered.