Quality of life, symptom experience and distress of lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy

Akin S., Can G., AYDINER A., ÖZDİLLİ K., Durna Z.

European Journal of Oncology Nursing, vol.14, no.5, pp.400-409, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejon.2010.01.003
  • Journal Name: European Journal of Oncology Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.400-409
  • Keywords: Lung cancer, Quality of life, Symptoms, Chemotherapy
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


The diagnosis of lung cancer in the advanced stage of illness, the poor prognosis associated with the disease, and the side effects of chemotherapy all have an impact on various dimensions of quality of life (QoL). The purpose of the research: The current study was designed to describe the QoL and symptom distress of lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and to explore the relationships between demographic/treatment-related characteristics and QoL. Methods and sample: The sample consisted of 154 lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. The symptom experiences and QoL of lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy were evaluated using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale and Quality of Life Index - Cancer Version. Results: The lung cancer patients had low QoL scores. The scores on the Health and Functioning subscale were the lowest (20.33 ± 5.59), while those of the Family subscale were the highest (27.66 ± 2.77). The most common physical symptoms experienced by lung cancer patients were lack of energy, coughing, pain, lack of appetite, and nausea, while the psychological symptoms were feeling nervous, difficulty sleeping, feeling sad, and worrying. There was a negative relationship between the symptom distress and quality of life scores (r =-0.45; p < 0.000). Females and those with low income levels and performance status experienced greater symptom distress. Conclusions: Lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy suffer many limitations due to the symptoms and disruptions to their QoL, arising from both the disease process and its treatment. Lung cancer patients need to be assessed regularly and supported. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.