Timing of Post-bath Skin Moisturizer Application to Newborn Infants: A Randomized Controlled Study

GÖZEN D., Akarsu Ö., Dur Ş., Akça B.

Advances in Skin and Wound Care, vol.36, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/01.asw.0000901860.26683.7f
  • Journal Name: Advances in Skin and Wound Care
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, PASCAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: bath, body temperature, moisturizer, newborn, skin moisture
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the timing of postbath moisturizer application affected the skin moisture (SM) and body temperature (BT) of newborn infants. METHODS The researchers conducted a randomized controlled study with 80 newborns who were monitored in a university hospital between March 2017 and May 2018. In both the control and experimental groups, newborns were bathed and dried. However, in the control group, moisturizer was applied immediately to the newborn's body, whereas in the experimental group, moisturizer was applied 10 minutes after the completion of the bath. Researchers evaluated the BT and SM of all infants both before and immediately after the bath and at 10, 20, 40, and 60 minutes postbath. RESULTS The control and experimental groups were similar according to the descriptive characteristics of the infants (P >.05). In both groups, infants' SM values increased in the first 10 minutes after the bath compared with the prebath values (P <.05). However, the whole-body SM value of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group 60 minutes postbath (P =.027). There was also a statistically significant change in the body temperatures of infants in both groups after bathing (P =.004). CONCLUSIONS Waiting 10 minutes postbath before applying moisturizer positively affected newborns' SM and BT. Additional research with a broader age range and a more diverse sample is needed to further clarify the effects of postbath moisturizer application timing on newborns' SM and BT.