Identification of red blood cell membrane defects in a patient with hereditary spherocytosis using next‑generation sequencing technology and matrix‑assisted laser desorption/ionization time‑of‑flight mass spectrometry

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Şener L. T., Aktan M., Albeniz G., Şener A., Üstek D., ALBENİZ I.

Molecular Medicine Reports, vol.49, no.5, pp.3912-3922, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.3892/mmr.2019.10036
  • Journal Name: Molecular Medicine Reports
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3912-3922
  • Keywords: hereditary spherocytosis, matrix-assisted laser desorption, ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, next-generation sequencing, exome capture, scanning electron microscopy
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is characterized by the morphological transformation of erythrocytes into a spherical shape due to a hereditary defect in cell membrane proteins (ghosts) associated with disruption of erythrocyte skeletal structures. Contrary to the literature, pores were detected in the erythrocytes of a patient with HS. The aim of the present study was to determine the affected proteins and genes that were responsible for the pores. Ghost isolation was performed to determine the proteins responsible for the pores observed on the erythrocytes of the patient. Erythrocyte membrane proteins were visualized using SDS-PAGE. Exome and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time‑of‑flight mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF MS) analyses were used to identify the genes and proteins responsible for the observed defect. Quantitative protein assessments were performed using MALDI TOF MS. A difference was detected in the components of the erythrocyte membrane proteins. Band 3 and protein 4.2, which serve a particular role in membrane structure, decreased 4.573 and 4.106 fold, respectively. Through proteomic analyses, a non-synonymous exonic mutation region was identified in the Golgi membrane protein 1 (GOLM1) gene (Chr9 rs142242230). Sorting Intolerant From Tolerant and Polymorphism Phenotyping Scores, Likelihood Ratio Tests and MutationTaster revealed that the mutation was deleterious. The pores observed in the morphology of the erythrocytes may have developed due to the decrease in these proteins, which reside in the erythrocyte membrane structure. Furthermore, genetic profiling of the patient with HS and her family was conducted in the present study. Next-generation sequencing was used, and the genetic source of HS was identified as a GOLM1 gene mutation. The assessment of specific molecular defects is often not performed as the majority of mutations are unique to a family. However, molecular analyses should be performed in severe cases where prenatal diagnosis is required, or for unique HS phenotypes to aid scientific investigation.