The Relationship between Malnutrition Risk and Prognosis in Geriatric Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19

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Online Türk Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.6, no.3, pp.382-390, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Objective: We evaluated the effect of nutritional statuson the prognosis of the disease in geriatric patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 disease.Materials and Methods: 110 patients over 65 years oldwere included. Malnutrition risk was assessed by Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002). The patientswere divided into two groups according to the NRS 2002score (≥3 as group-1, <3 as group-2). Prognosis markersof the patients were recorded. Statistical significance levelwas set at p<0.05.Results: The study was conducted 110 patients (Man/Woman:51/59). In group-1, duration of hospitalization,tomography involvement, intubation rate and referral tointensive care, respiratory rate, leukocyte count, C reactiveprotein (CRP), ferritin, d-dimer levels were higher thangroup-2 (p<0.05). In group 1; 35 cases were discharged,18 cases were transferred to 1st level intensive care, and 2cases were transferred to 3rd level intensive care. In thegroup 2, 53 cases were discharged, and 2 cases were transferred to 1st level intensive care unit. There was a significant positive correlation between NRS 2002 score andage, respiratory rate, leukocyte, CRP, d dimer and days ofhospitalization score (p<0.05).Conclusion: Malnourished patients have higher poorprognostic markers, longer hospital stay and more intensive care needs