New pyrazole Schiff bases containing azo groups were synthesized using the condensation reaction between p-nitrobenzaldehyde and (E)-4-(phenyl)-1-H-pyrazole-3,5-diamine in the molar ratio of 1:2. Characterization of the compounds was performed by spectroscopic techniques, including IR, UV-Vis, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. Biological activity of the compounds was evaluated by analyzing DNA protection, antimicrobial and anticancer properties. Compound 4 was effective for Salmonella typhimurium with the MIC concentration of 62.5 µg/mL. Moreover, this compound had the highest protection activity on DNA. Cytotoxic activity of compound 4 was determined on the HeLa cancer cell line with the IC50 concentration of 976.6 µM. The anti-cancer characteristic of compounds 4 and 5 for HeLa cancer was theoretically analyzed by molecular docking study as well. Among the tested compounds, compound 4 possessed significant results due to its in vitro cytotoxic properties. Therefore, it may be considered as a potential bioactive agent for cancer treatment studies. In addition, further in vivo analysis can be performed to indicate its anticancer property.