The effect of the use of the Gail model on breast cancer diagnosis in bi-rads 4A cases

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Turkish Journal of Surgery, vol.37, no.4, pp.394-399, 2021 (Scopus) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.47717/turkjsurg.2021.5436
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Academic Search Premier, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.394-399
  • Keywords: Breast cancer, breast ultrasonography, breast tumors
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


Objective: The BI-RADS classification system and the Gail Model are the scoring systems that contribute to the diagnosis of breast cancer. The aim of the study was to determine the contribution of Gail Model to the diagnosis of breast lesions that were radiologically categorized as BI-RADS 4A. Material and Methods: We retrospectively examined the medical records of 320 patients between January 2011 and December 2020 whose lesions had been categorized as BI-RADS 4A. Radiological parameters of breast lesions and clinical parameters according to the Gail Model were collected. The relationship between malignant BI-RADS 4A lesions and radiological and clinical parameters was evaluated. In addition, the effect of the Gail Model on diagnosis in malignant BI-RADS 4A lesions was evaluated. Results: Among radiological features, there were significant differences between lesion size, contour, microcalcification content, echogenicity, and presence of ectasia with respect to the pathological diagnosis (p< 0.05). No significant difference was found between the lesions’ pathological diagnosis and the patients’ Gail score (p> 0.05). An analysis of the features of the Gail model revealed that there was no significant difference between the age of menarche, age at first live birth, presence of a first-degree relative with breast cancer, and a history of breast biopsy and the pathological diagnosis (p> 0.05). Conclusion: As a conclusion Gail Model does not contribute to the diagnosis of BC, especially in patients with BI-RADS 4A lesions.