Molecular epidemiological analysis of integron gene cassettes and tetA/tetB/tetD gene associations in Escherichia coli strains producing extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) in urine cultures

ÇOPUR ÇİÇEK A., Şemen V., Ejder N. A., Gündoğdu D. Z. U., Kalcan S. K., Köse F. T., ...More

Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine, vol.31, no.1, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.17219/acem/142333
  • Journal Name: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: E. coli, ESBL, Integron gene cassettes, PFGE, Tetracycline resistance
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Background. Epidemiological studies of tetracycline (TE) resistance genes and integron gene cassettes, particularly in urine samples, are limited in Turkey. Objectives. To investigate antibiotic susceptibility profiles, extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) positivity, tet gene types, class-I/-II integron gene cassettes, and clonal relationships among tet-resistant isolates of Escherichia coli from urine cultures of outpatients. Materials and methods. Isolates were identified using conventional methods and the automated Vitek® 2 Compact system. Antimicrobial susceptibility was performed for 19 antibiotics. The ESBL production was performed using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion test. The double disk synergy test was used for confirmatory testing. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to determine the presence of class-I/-II integron gene cassettes and tetA, tetBand tetDresistance genes. The pulsed-field gel electrophoresis typing was performed to identify clonal relations. Results. A total of 121 isolates were obtained and found to be resistant or sensitive to ampicillin and amikacin/imipenem. Resistance to ceftazidime, cefotaxime and ceftriaxone was determined to be 31.3%, 77.6% and 83.1%, respectively. Tetracycline resistance was detected in 82 isolates, mostly caused by the tetB gene. No tet gene was detected in the remaining 39 isolates. Although 64 out of 82 isolates carried a class-I integron, only 4 had a class-II integron (with sizes of 800-2900 base pairs). Furthermore, tet genes were identified with different size class-I integron gene cassettes. However, tet genes were not detected in any isolate identified with integron gene cassette II. Clonally, the isolates were found to be related in subgroups because they were community-acquired. Conclusions. This study showed that the tetBgene is most commonly found in E. coliisolates grown in urine samples from the Turkish population.