Evaluation of the effect of anodization-colored titanium abutments and zirconia substructure thickness on zirconia substructure color: An In vitro study

Bas B., Cakan U.

Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, vol.25, no.12, pp.2024-2029, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_484_22
  • Journal Name: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2024-2029
  • Keywords: Abutment, anodized titanium, color change, spectrophotometry, zirconia
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Background and Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of anodized titanium abutments and zirconia substructure thickness on the color of zirconia substructure. Materials and Methods: In this study, an electrochemical anodization setup was prepared for titanium coloring. Commercial titanium, anodization-colored yellow and pink titanium, and zirconia were used as different abutment specimens. Thirty zirconia discs in 0.7, 0.9, and 1.1 mm thickness were prepared from zirconia blocks as zirconia substructure specimens (n = 10). Zirconia substructure specimens of different thicknesses were placed on abutment specimens of different colors and L∗, a∗, b∗ values were measured with a spectrophotometer device. Color difference (ΔE) was calculated according to the CIELab formula by comparing the L∗, a∗, and b∗ values obtained on the zirconia abutment with the L∗, a∗, and b∗ values obtained on the other abutments. Statistical analyzes were performed with two-way analysis of variance and Tukey Honestly Significant Difference (HSD)test (p < 0.05). Results: The increase in the thickness of the substructure resulted in a statistically significant difference on ΔE, L∗, a∗, and b∗ values (p < 0.001). The effect of abutment color had no significant effect on ΔE values. The highest ΔE value was 18.10 at zirconia substructure with 0.7 mm thickness when paired with pink-anodized titanium abutment specimens. Conclusion: The thickness of zirconia substructure and the color of titanium abutments affect zirconia substructure color.