Integral membrane protein expression of human CD25 on the cell surface of HEK293 cell line: The available cellular model of CD25 positive to facilitate in vitro developing assays

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Dehbashi M., Hojati Z., Motovali-Bashi M., Ganjalikhani-Hakemi M., Shimosaka A.

Biomolecular Concepts, vol.10, no.1, pp.150-159, 2019 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/bmc-2019-0018
  • Journal Name: Biomolecular Concepts
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.150-159
  • Keywords: CD25, Flow cytometry, HEK293, qRT-PCR, Transfection
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


Typically, CD25 is expressed on the cellular surface of regulatory T (Treg) cells. These cells are significant in regulating the self-tolerance and also preventing the immune system from attacking a person's own tissues and cells. They promote the cancer progression by playing an important role in evading the immune system. Thus, the experimental procedures was aimed to clone and express human CD25 in HEK293 cell line, as the available cellular model, for the purpose of developing assays to facilitate and enhance the studies on an available CD25 positive cell. The secondary RNA structure of CD25 was evaluated by in silico analysis. Then, cDNA of human CD25 were synthesized from isolated total mRNA of cultured and stimulated PBMCs from blood donors. After cloning the cDNA of CD25 into a pcDNA3.1(+) plasmid, using the effective transfection of the recombinant pcDNA3.1(+) in HEK293, qRT-PCR and flow cytometry methods were used to quantitatively evaluate CD25 transcripts and protein level. There was a 4.8 fold increase in transcripts and a 76.2% increase in protein levels of CD25 when comparing the transfected and control cell lines. The genetically engineered HEK293 cell line expressing Treg cell surface marker of CD25 was introduced in this study for the first time. This cell line can be used to overcome the problematic issues for studying Treg cells including low population of Tregs in peripheral blood, low recovery methods for Treg isolation, time-consuming and non-cost benefit methods in the conditions of in vitro cell culture experiments for the studies focused on the binding of IL-2 to CD25.