Evaluation of gene-gene interaction between the interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-2RA gene polymorphisms in schizophrenia patients in the Turkish Population

ÖZDİLLİ K., Mervan Aytac H., Ceren Tuncel F., Oyaci Y., Pehlivan M., PEHLİVAN S.

Neurosciences (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia), vol.29, no.1, pp.51-56, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.17712/nsj.2024.1.20230075
  • Journal Name: Neurosciences (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.51-56
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the genetic polymorphisms in IL-2 and IL-2RA genes in schizophrenia (SCZ) patients by comparing them with healthy controls. METHODS: A sample of 127 patients with SCZ and 100 healthy volunteers were included in the case-control study. These individuals were consecutively selected from the Malazgirt State Hospital Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic in Mus, Turkey, over the three months from October 2020 to December 2020. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 Disorders, Clinician Version (SCID-5-CV) was used to confirm the diagnosis according to the DSM-5 criteria. In addition, polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used to determine gene polymorphisms from DNA material. RESULTS: Our findings indicated significant differences in the IL-2 genotype and allele frequencies between SCZ patients and the healthy control group. Specifically, the frequency of the homozygous GG genotype was notably higher in SCZ patients compared to the control group. Conversely, when comparing the IL-2RA genotype and allele frequencies of SCZ patients with the control group, no statistically significant differences were observed between the 2 groups. When compared to individuals with other genotypes, interaction analysis indicated that carriers of the GG/AG (IL-2/IL-2RA) genotype demonstrated a significantly increased risk of SCZ. CONCLUSION: In light of the analyses, our study indicates that while the IL-2 genotype polymorphism may be considered a risk factor for developing SCZ, the IL-2RA variant was not associated with SCZ among Turkish patients.