Cyclic fatigue resistance of waveone gold, protaper next and 2shape nickel titanium rotary instruments using a reliable method for measuring temperature


Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, vol.22, no.10, pp.1335-1340, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_655_18
  • Journal Name: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1335-1340
  • Keywords: 2shape, cyclic fatigue resistance, nickel-titanium rotary instruments, WaveOne Gold, Protaper Next
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue resistances of the WaveOne Gold (WOG), ProTaper Next (PTN), 2Shape (TS) instruments. Materials and Methods: Totally 45 new WOG (25/.07), PTN (25/.06), TS (25/.06) files were tested inside the artificial canal of a custom-made stainless steel block with an inner diameter of 1.5 mm, a 60° angle, and a 5-mm radius of curvature. A 16-mm-long file segment (from the tip) was introduced and was immersed in 37°C water. The number of cycles to fracture (NCF), time to failure (TTF), fractured fragment length (FL) was recorded and the fractured surface was examined using microscope. Results: WOG > PTN > TS according to TTF results (P = 0.00). PTN > TS according to NCF results (P = 0.00). The FL values showed no significant difference (P = 0.335). Conclusions: Reciprocating motion can be used more safely than continuous rotation due to the higher cyclic fatigue resistance.