The relationship between beta cell activation and SLC30A8/ZnT8 levels of the endocrine pancreas and maternal zinc deficiency in rats


Goktepe E., Baltaci S. B., Unal O., Unlukal N., Mogulkoc R., Baltaci A. K.

Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, vol.79, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 79
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2023.127217
  • Journal Name: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Maternal zinc deficiency, Pancreas, Zinc, ZnT8
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Objectives: Zinc, which is found in high concentrations in the β-cells of the pancreas, is also a critical component for the endocrine functions of the pancreas. SLC30A8/ZnT8 is the carrier protein responsible for the transport of zinc from the cytoplasm to the insulin granules. The aim of this study was to investigate how dietary zinc status affects pancreatic beta cell activation and ZnT8 levels in infant male rats born to zinc-deficient mothers. Methods: The study was performed on male pups born to mothers fed a zinc-deficient diet. A total of 40 male rats were divided into 4 equal groups. Group 1: In addition to maternal zinc deficiency, this group was fed a zinc-deficient diet. Group 2: In addition to maternal zinc deficiency, this group was fed a standard diet. Group 3: In addition to maternal zinc deficiency, this group was fed a standard diet and received additional zinc supplementation. Group 4: Control group. Pancreas ZnT8 levels were determined by ELISA method and insulin-positive cell ratios in β-cells by immunohistochemistry. Results: The highest pancreatic ZnT8 levels and anti-insulin positive cell ratios in the current study were obtained in Group 3 and Group 4. In our study, the lowest pancreatic ZnT8 levels were obtained in Group 1 and Group 2, and the lowest pancreatic anti-insulin positive cell ratios were obtained in Group 1. Conclusion: The results of the present study; in rats fed a zinc-deficient diet after maternal zinc deficiency has been established shows that ZnT8 levels and anti-insulin positive cell ratios in pancreatic tissue, which is significantly suppressed, reach control values with intraperitoneal zinc supplementation.