Comparison of Clinical and Laboratory Features and Treatment Options of 237 Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Children Infected with SARS-CoV-2 in the Early Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Turkey.

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Soysal A., Gönüllü E., ARSLAN H., Kibar B. S., Pop S., Yurttaş G. N., ...More

Japanese journal of infectious diseases, vol.74, no.4, pp.273-279, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.7883/yoken.jjid.2020.781
  • Journal Name: Japanese journal of infectious diseases
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.273-279
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Little is known about the therapeutic use of hydroxychloroquine in pediatric patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Here, we retrospectively retrieved data of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) PCR-positive pediatric patients from 20 hospitals in 8 Turkish cities. We obtained epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory features of the patients, as well as the drugs used for treating COVID-19. A total of 237 nasopharyngeal swab SARS-CoV-2 PCR-positive children were included in the study from March 26, 2020 to June 20, 2020. The mean age of asymptomatic children (118 + 62 months) was higher than that of symptomatic children (89 + 69 months). Symptomatic children had significantly lower mean lymphocyte counts and higher mean CRP, D-dimer, procalcitonin, and LDH levels than asymptomatic children in the univariate analysis. Among 156 children, 78 (50%), 15, 44, and 21 were treated with a hydroxychloroquine-containing regimen, hydroxychloroquine + azithromycin + oseltamivir, hydroxychloroquine + azithromycin, and hydroxychloroquine alone, respectively. Among 156 patients who received medical treatment, 90 (58%) underwent pre- and/or post-treatment electrocardiogram (ECG). However, none of them had ECG abnormalities or required hydroxychloroquine discontinuation due to adverse drug reactions.