Protection of Personal Data with Criminal Norms in the context of Protection of Personal Data Law and Turkish Criminal Code


İstanbul Medipol Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi, vol.3, no.2, pp.101-167, 2016 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Protection of personal data, which can be defined as all kind of information relating to an identified or identifiable real person, is important in respect of the right to privacy and the right to respect for family life. The issue of protecting personal data is becoming more and more important nowadays; both individuals have many complaints arising from this subject in daily life and high level judicial organs take a legal attitude in this manner. In this direction, the field of the protection of personal data has been regulated by many supra-national organizations especially the Council of Europe and the European Union and states. Turkey has accepted the Law numbered 6698 on the Protection of Personal Data which regulates this area, albeit too late. Protection of personal data by criminal norms is provided by special provisions in the Turkish Criminal Code. The types of crime that should be addressed in this context are: The offense of Recording Personal Data, the offense of Illegal Delivery or Acqusition Of Personal Data and the offense of Non-Destruction of Data held in articles 135-138 of Turkish Criminal Code and the offense of Non-Destruction or Non-Anonymization of Personal Data held in article 17/2 of the Law numbered 6698.