The Effect of Vestibular Rehabilitation on Balance and Quality of Life in Patients with Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction

Kiliç G., Çelikyurt C., ALGUN Z. C.

Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, vol.75, no.3, pp.2091-2099, 2023 (Scopus) identifier identifier


This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation on balance, dynamic visual acuity, and quality of life in patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH). 20 patients diagnosed by videonystagmography were included in the study. Balance tests, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), testing of Dynamic Visual Acuity (DVA), Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Computer-modified Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction in Balance (m-CTSIB), and Limits of Stability Test were applied before and 3 and 6 months after the treatment. Physiotherapy sessions were given at two-week intervals. According to the development of the patients, they were asked to perform a home exercise program with 10 repetitions 3 times a day. After 6 months of vestibular rehabilitation, improvements in balance and quality of life parameters were observed in the patients. VAS, DVA, DHI, all static balance parameters except Romberg, Semi-tandem eyes open were significant (p < 0.005). In computerized M-CTSIB, while no significant results were obtained on the hard surface with the eyes open (p = 0.126), statistically significant improvement was observed on the hard surface with the eyes closed and on a foam surface with eyes open and close. LOS results showed significant improvement in velocity, reaching the endpoint, and maximal deviation in all directions except the right posterior. While significant results were found in the right, posterior, left anterior, and left posterior directions in the reaction time section, there was no statistical significance in any of the direct control sections (p < 0.005). Trial registration number: NCT05231109, Date of registration:27/01/2022 (Retrospectively registered).