Evaluation of emergency operations and anesthesia procedures used in surgical emergencies before and during the covid-19 pandemic Covid-19 pandemi öncesi ve pandemi dönemlerindeki acil ameliyatlarının ve acil cerrahi anestezi yöntemlerinin değerlendirilmesi

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Yanaral T. U., ÖZ H.

Ulusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, vol.27, no.6, pp.639-646, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/tjtes.2020.43678
  • Journal Name: Ulusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.639-646
  • Keywords: Anesthesia, coronavirus infections, COVID-19, emergencies, surgery
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


BACKGROUND: The number of people actively participating in society has decreased following the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic as a result of the measures taken to reduce the risk of transmission, such as interruption to education, social isolation, and curfews. Accordingly, change in the etiology of emergency surgery and characteristics of patients may be expected. The current study aimed to compare emergency surgery between the COVID-19 pre-pandemic and pandemic periods and to present the data and emergency anesthesia management of patients with suspected COVID-19. METHODS: Patients who underwent emergency surgery in our hospital between January 22 and April 29, 2020, were examined retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups: Those operated before March 11, 2020 (Group 1) and those operated from this date April 29, 2020 (Group 2). The data of the two groups were compared. Routine emergency anesthesia and surgical approach were applied to all patients in Group 1 and those without suspected COVID-19 in Group 2. Patients with suspected COVID-19 in Group 2 were treated with an algorithm created in accordance with the guidelines of official institutions and scientific associations. RESULTS: Age, gender, chronic medical diseases, ASA classification, Mallampati score, surgical department, surgical procedures, surgical etiology, duration of surgery, and length of hospital stay were similar in both groups. The number of patients undergoing general anesthesia and spinal anesthesia was 198 (82.5%) and 42 (17.5%) for Group 1 while it was 161 (73.9%) and 57 (26.1%), respectively, for Group 2 (p=0.025). CONCLUSION: The clinical data and surgical features of emergency patients during the pandemic were similar to those before the pandemic; however, the rate of spinal anesthesia was higher in the former. Personal protective equipment standards should be followed to prevent cross-infection among the anesthesiology team during anesthesia procedures for emergency operations. We consider that necessary emergency interventions can be safely performed and COVID-19 nosocomial infection can be prevented in the operating room by following the Ministry of Health recommendations and guidelines that are updated regularly.