A Meta-Analytic Review of the Effect of Socioeconomic Status on Academic Performance

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Selvitopu A., Kaya M.

Journal of Education, vol.203, no.4, pp.768-780, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 203 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/00220574211031978
  • Journal Name: Journal of Education
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Applied Science & Technology Source, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Gender Studies Database, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Public Affairs Index
  • Page Numbers: pp.768-780
  • Keywords: academic performance, meta-analysis, moderation effects, socioeconomic status
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


The two main purposes of the current meta-analysis were (a) to determine the relation between socioeconomic status (SES) of students and academic performance (AP) (b) and evaluate the effect of several potential moderating factors in this relation. Data covered the publications between 2010 and 2019, and the dataset consisted of 48 independent studies that included 62 different samples, and the total sample was 386.601. Findings revealed that the relation between SES and academic performance represented a moderate positive correlation. All moderators, type of SES measure, academic performance scale, location, grade level, subjects of academic performance, and year, produced significant effects, respectively. These findings were discussed for every category of moderators with the related literature.